Claudia Balsamo (left), with Daniela Truffer, after testifying to IGM in Italy to the
UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW),
At the 67th Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), before Italy was questioned over Intersex Genital Mutilations, NGOs had the possibility to brief CEDAW (>>> podcast of the entire briefing).
Read below the 2-minutes oral statement by Italian intersex advocate and IGM survivor Claudia Balsamo:
>>> PDF (77kb) >>> Video (@ 9:10 min)
NGO Oral Statement CEDAW67 Italy, 03.07.2017
Thank you, Madame Chair
When I was born in 1960, I looked like a girl, but after a year my mother noticed I had atypical genitalia.
Countless exams by different doctors followed. At four they opened my abdomen and found normal testes.
When I was eleven, they removed my testes and cut my clitoris.
Due to the removal of parts of my clitoris and scarring, it’s really hard for me to achieve orgasm.
Since 1985 I tried to obtain my medical records, but I was always refused on grounds of “professional secrecy”.
Only after my father died, in 2007 I found some documents in his desk, but then it was too late, and statutes of limitations had long expired.
To this day, I still see a psychologist to deal with all this, which I have to pay for out of my own pocket.
As shown in our report , in Italy all forms of Intersex Genital Mutilation persist, paid for by the state.
Doctors openly boast in the media about a large increase in surgeries , the National DSD Study Group openly advocates the practice , and Italian clinics collaborate with European projects promoting involuntary interventions .
These violations have been repeatedly brought to the attention of the State , and Italy has already been reprimanded by CRPD  for permitting IGM to continue.
Nonetheless, the State party fails to explicitly prohibit by law and adequately sanction or criminalise the practice.
 2017 CEDAW Italy NGO Report, see Annexe 2, p. 23-28, http://intersex.shadowreport.org/public/2017-CEDAW- Italy-NGO-Zwischengeschlecht-Intersex-IGM.pdf
 ibid., see A.8., p. 13-14
 Gruppo di Studie It-DSD (2015), “Differenze dello sviluppo del sesso”, p. 4, http://www.gruppodistudio-it-dsd.org/diffsvilup/1_ntroduzione_overview.pdf
 StopIGM.org (2017), “Open Letter of Concern to 6th I-DSD 2017, DSDnet, eUROGEN, Endo-ERN, DSD-Life and Affiliates”, /wp-content/uploads/Open_Letter_I-DSD_Copenhagen_2017.pdf
 2017 CEDAW Italy NGO Report, see A.8., p. 13-14
 CRPD/C/ITA/CO/1, paras 45-46
>>> Bearing witness to IGM: UN-CEDAW67 Italy + CCPR120 Switzerland
>>> CEDAW67 Italy: UN Press Release on NGO Briefing english | français
>>> CEDAW67 Italy: Video Session 2 @ 1:58h
NGO Report to the 7th Report of Italy on the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
StopIGM.org / Zwischengeschlecht.org
• 23 UN Reprimands for IGM – and counting …
• “Harmful Medical Practice”: UN, COE, ACHPR, IACHR condemn IGM
• UN Committee for the Rights of the Child (CRC) 2015: IGM = Harmful Practice
• UN Committee against Torture (CAT) 2015: IGM = Inhuman Treatment or Torture
• UN Human Rights Committee (HRCttee) to examine IGM Practices
• UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) condemns IGM
• 56th Session of Committee against Torture reprimands 4 Governments for IGM
• CAT 2011: Germany must investigate IGM practices and compensate survivors!
Intersex Genital Mutilations • 17 Most Common Forms
Human Rights Violations Of Children With Variations Of Sex Anatomy
IGM – Historical Overview • What is Intersex? • How Common are IGMs?
>>> Download PDF (3.65 MB) >>> Table of Contents
Eliminating IGM practices by holding the perpetrators accountable via well-established applicable human rights frameworks, including Inhuman Treatment and Harmful Practices – Presentation @ UN expert meeting on Intersex Human Rights